“What camera should I buy?” – The 4 types of camera


so this is my fifth attempt of doing
this video first time I did it wasn’t particularly happy with it so we shot it
second time was happy with it but then introduced the t-shirt and the green
screen so redid it again then before I could finish that I scrapped the green
screen so shot it again last week except after shooting that one I got my haircut
and then went to edit it and realized that I’d missed an important piece out
so couldn’t exactly fill in the gaps so fifth time lucky now in this video I want to try and
start to answer a question that I get asked quite a lot doesn’t matter whether
I’m a wedding or a commercial shoot somewhere that I’m paid to be or if I’m
just casually out and about taking photographs if I’m carrying around a
camera like this then inherently people start to notice you and come over and
chat they could be other photographers they could just be members of the
general public but you’ll get people come over I want to talk to you about
photography see the pitch is you’re taking stuff like that and that’s nice I
love that I love engaging with other people trying to inspire them to take up
photography themselves or improve their photography but at some point somebody
will always ask the same question what camera should I buy obviously it makes
sense to get advice about photography equipment from a photographer but the
problem we’re just going up to a photographer and saying oh you’re a
photographer what camera should I buy? is it’s like going up to anybody who knows
how to drive and saying oh you know how to drive what car should I buy? it
entirely depends on your situation and ultimately it comes down to the same
three key points what you want it for how much do you want to spend and it’s
your personal preference so with this video I want to break down the four
categories that cameras fall under compact, bridge, mirrorless and DSLR, and
talk about the general advantages and disadvantages of all of these categories
so that hopefully by the end of this video if you are in the market for a
camera you’re gonna have a better idea as to what sort of camera category
you’re gonna be looking for from there it is really a matter of go to a shop or
somewhere where you can get the cameras in your hands and have a play around
with them and see which feels more comfortable to you because at the end of
the day that is the most important aspect of picking a camera you can
forget technical specifications if you don’t get a camera that you are
comfortable and happy to use then you’re not gonna want to use it and it’s just
gonna be a waste of space far better to get a camera system that you’re happy
with because you’re not gonna have any hesitations in grabbing your camera
getting outside and go in taking some photographs so let’s delve straight in
and look at calm so there’s absolutely no prizes for
guessing what the key selling point of these cameras are they are compact they
generally look something like this they’re very small they are very
lightweight convenient cameras that usually have the added benefit that when
the cameras powered down the lens will retract right the way into the body so
when you are not using the camera they take up absolutely minimal space so
they’re the most convenient camera body to carry around but they do have some
drawbacks firstly with the lens in order to keep the size of the camera to a
minimum the lens has to be kept to a minimum size as well which means they
generally have a very restrictive zoom range normally a 5 to 10 times optical
zoom at most and they also have a very restrictive aperture so they don’t let
in a lot of light so for casual day-to-day photographs a compact camera
might be suitable for you but if you are looking at photographing either things
that are potentially quite far away then you might not have that zoom range that
you need or if you’re photographing a lot in low-light situations you might
find the aperture doesn’t let enough light in for you to get a good
photograph also does the sensor particularly in budget level compact
cameras they generally have quite a small sensor probably not much bigger
than you would find in your phone so while cheap compact cameras will give
you the benefit of a zoom range that a phone dozen their image quality and
their low-light performance from the sensor generally isn’t that good
higher-end compact cameras do get bigger sensors that offer you better low-light
performance and generally better image quality but they also come at a higher
price so compact cameras are really aimed for the kind of casual shooter
wanted to take day-to-day photographs maybe share them up to social media or
something but aren’t looking for the professional-grade results next let’s
look at bridge cameras so the bridge camera was brought about to bridge the
gap between compacts and DSLRs so compact cameras very small very
lightweight cameras but a very restricted zoom range
dslr’s offer you the flexibility of fitting longer telephoto lenses to be
able to shoot faraway objects but the systems are generally a lot bigger so a
bridge camera gives you a smaller lightweight body like you would find
from a compact but has a much bigger lens like you would find on a DSLR as a
result rather than a compact camera having a 5 to 10 times optical zoom
bridge cameras are pushing 50 60 post times optical which means that gives you
a huge versatility to be able to photograph anything from a wide angle
landscape all the way through to an animal far away in the distance but
bridge cameras suffer from the same sort of pitfalls as the compact cameras
namely in order to keep the size of the camera and the lens down to a minimum
the aperture of the lens isn’t particularly fantastic also the lens is
still incorporated into the body so you can’t change the lens over for a wider
aperture lens but also the longer that you make a zoom range on a lens the more
complicated the design is to come up with so image quality generally tends to
be hindered as well and bridge cameras also have the same sort of sensor setup
as a compact camera namely budget level ones have the very small sensors the
higher end ones do have the bigger sensors but they come at a bigger price
and a bigger size so much like compact cameras for the kind of casual
photographer not looking for professional-grade results
compacts bridge cameras might be an option for you but what if you want to
push your creative boundaries what if you do want a changeable lens system
well you could look at mirrorless so a mirrorless camera is basically a DSLR
but with the mirror inside removed hence the name as a results of removing the
mirror the whole body can be made a lot smaller and a lot lighter which makes
for a much more convenient camera to carry around so you have a small
lightweight convenient body with basically the sensor from a DSLR so you
get DSLR levels of image quality and noise performance which makes these the
perfect camera not necessarily while there is no doubt that mirrorless
cameras are getting better and better as technology
advances and generally they are smaller and lighter than a DSLR, mirrorless has
two big pitfalls both of them caused by removing that mirror now the mirror in
the DSLR serves two key purposes firstly it reflects the light up into the
viewfinder so when you look through the viewfinder of a DSLR you were actually
seeing straight through the lens itself the mirror also reflects some of the
light onto an AF chip this is how a DSLR author focuses and is a very quick and a
very responsive system so even the most budget levels of the SLR have very quick
autofocus compared to other cameras but by removing the mirror in a mirrorless
camera we don’t have those facilities as a result a mirrorless camera has to rely
on using the sensor itself so to replace the optical viewfinder a mirrorless
camera will either show you the image on the back of the screen or will have an
electronic viewfinder on top this basically just displays whatever the
sensor can see has an image on the screen but as a result it means that the
sensor has to be active the whole time the camera is on but with the DSLR the
sensor is only needed when the picture is actually being taken so as a result
the rest of the time the sense is basically in a very low-power state but
with a mirrorless camera not only is the sensor always active but then you have
to power a second screen the whole time as well so generally the battery life of
a mirrorless camera is not as good as an equivalent DSLR then mirrorless cameras
have to rely on the sensor to autofocus as well and again technology is
improving and the autofocus in mirrorless cameras is getting better and
better but in the more budget level mirrorless cameras generally the
autofocus is not going to be quite as quick and as responsive as the budget
level DSLRs so mirrorless cameras offer you great image quality in a very small
lightweight body but what if you want something more for sports or wildlife
what about DSLRs dslr’s have been the workhorse of
photographers for decades and as I’ve already said there is no doubt that
mirrorless cameras are getting better and better and better but DSLRs do still
have their place and you can probably work out most of the pros and cons of
DSLRs based off the other camera systems anyway but just to clarify DSLRs give
you the same great image quality that you would find in most mirrorless
cameras they also have excellent autofocus even from a budget level
camera so if you’re after photographing a lot of sports and wildlife fast-paced
things DSLRs are generally the best option for you then there’s the battery
life because a DSLR can power the sensor down for a lot of the time the camera is
on then unlike all the other systems it has generally of much of better battery
life there are a couple of preferences to consider between DSLR and mirrorless
so for example the viewfinder some photographers prefer an optical
viewfinder over an electronic whereas other photographers prefer the
electronic over the optical you really have to try them and see then there’s
the size and weight mirrorless camera bodies are generally smaller and lighter
than equivalent DSLRs which might suit travel photographers wedding
photographers or the lights who want a small a lightweight kit as possible but
for sports and wildlife photographers who are maybe using the bigger heavier
lenses they prefer having the biggest sized body to balance things out which
brings us full circle back to the beginning point which is your personal
preference so hopefully now you’ve got an idea as to which sort of camera
system is best gonna suit what you need are you after an all-in-one
general-purpose camera like a compact or a bridge camera that you can just take
with you wherever to just snap your life away or are you after a more specialised
kit where you can swap and change the lenses to suit what you need such as
wide-angle telephoto or macro in which case look towards either mirrorless or
DSLR once you’ve got a specific category nailed down go out get hold of the
different cameras have a play around with them and see which you prefer the
feel of then get the camera go while and enjoy photography as always
guys if you have any questions comment boxes down below thank you so much for
stopping by and I will see you in the next video

100 comments on ““What camera should I buy?” – The 4 types of camera

  1. I was choosing between this and the Panasonic HC-v770k HD Flash memory recorder. But I think I would chose this cause it's water proof because makes it last and last. Can I get any comments or thoughts between which I should choose between the two camcorder ?

  2. Maybe you can help me! I want the best camera that is under $300 for shooting video at rollerskating rinks with low light. I'm currently looking at the Canon PowerShot SX720 HS 20.3MP 40X Optical Zoom Wifi / NFC Enabled Digic 6 Processor Digital Camera. It's 266.98 at Walmart online. Is there a better camera than this for shooting lowlight high action video?

  3. I wonder why say a P900 would start at 40% neg zoom so you have to use 40% of the zoom just to reach what our eyes see.

  4. Hello. I wanna make pictures of my dogs. But we also have a field with hares and they are far away. I also wanna make photos from close like ladybugs. What camera can i use? 🙂

  5. Sir , You just prove against your own point that compact has 5 – 10X zoom, by displaying ones with >20x zoom. What's going on here.

  6. As someone that owns an iPhone XS Max, I've been told that its camera is fantastic and it wouldn't be necessary to buy a camera like the Canon g7x.. etc I just feel like the phone can be slightly inconsistent sometimes.

  7. In my opinion This cannon EOS 4000D is just unreal https://amzn.to/2jK7sDw Check it out the stats are unreal

  8. Bridge cameras are getting very good these days. So good that more professionals are using them, opting for their convenience and sharp results over having to change lenses. Also, not having mirrors, they tend to be free of the vibration of DSLR cameras. This is especially true of cameras with long telephotos. Professionals also can afford a number of bridge cameras opposed to fewer more expensive DSLRs. And again, their lack of vibration cannot be overemphasized. The only thing users need to worry about is pincushion and barrel distortion, common in many high zoom cameras. Very good review.

  9. I have quite small hands. Would this mean that a mirrorless camera would be better for me than a DSLR because of the smaller size?? Are there small DSLRs??

  10. Thank you so much for making this video ive struggled understanding the differences and were to go for what i want in my cameras the examples you used and the metaphor you used is very helpful,thank you again.

  11. I've decided to resume shooting aspiring rock bands in small venues — which requires stop action in usually low light, and occasionally without being allowed to use either a flash or interchangable lenses. A bridge camera is the only kind that suits my budget, and thanks to your warnings about bridge camera aperture restrictions, I did some extra homework and determined that my only hope of succeeding was to find one with a "minimum" maximum aperture of 2.8. The Canon PowerShot SX40 and the Panasonic Lumix FZ80 turn out to be the best candidates for the job in my price range: thanks again for saving me the money, frustration and grief of ending up with the wrong camera!

  12. Hello Dave; which DLSR camera would you recommend for a beginner non professional photographer ( by beginner I also mean not to over the top on price ) to take product photography for my eBay store, please? Even with my LED light boxes and LED light ring my photos are a little dark and pixilated with my Osmo Pocket, I also use a photography paper for my background, just need a good camera now 😆, thanks.

  13. Heya mate, doing Norway the fjords, waterfalls hopefully Northern lights in September would you recommenda DSL or mirrorless on a bit of a budget but wanna try and get some good pictures for canvases for home. Any help would be great?? Cheers

  14. Hey Dave, now that mirrorless cameras have advanced quite a bit since this video, would you change anything about the mirrorless segment of the video?

  15. Film School / University: We’re going to grant students on minimal knowledge of filmmaking at a ridiculously high price that they’re gonna have to go into debt to pay the government off for giving them loans. Practically convoluting what different cameras there are.

    Dave McKeegan: Hold my beer 🍺. I’m about to ruin this man’s whole career…

  16. Is there like a downpayment for cameras like from bridge,mirrorless,dslr? cause here in the philippines cameras are hella expensive….like for example P30,000….like what the f,its like my tuition

  17. I shoot with a pentax k10d with a 70 to 300 mm af lens made by Pentax. which camera do you think would be close to replacing this one. I shoot a lot of motocross and action photos. I have used my dad canon rebel t6

  18. i dont understand why the thumbs down when in fact this video is very helpful. thank you! now i know what type of camera should i get. two thumbs up👍🏻👍🏻

  19. Im thinking about getting a p1000 as a first top end camera but im debating, i kinda just want to be able to saturn from time to time lol.

  20. Perhaps it should be noted that if you wish to take pictures where noise may be an issue. Mirrorless = no "click". Very helpful when taking "Golf" photos for example.

  21. Uhmm. The most expensive camera of course. And get at least 4 of them if you want to consider yourself professional. Only buy the most expensive Zeiss lenses. Yup, now you can go out and make pictures of your cat.

  22. Hey , Big fan of yours. Anyway, could you please make a video on entry level DSLR( Nikon d3500/d5600) vs high end smartphones (Pixel 3xl/note 10) ?

  23. Nice insight, now i am well equipped on what to go for, so if i may ask; where does a Sony DHS-H300 camera falls in terms of the four categories?

  24. I'm a beginner/enthusiast in the film world, can somebody recommend me a compact camera that has great image stabilization & focus thats budget friendly for my 1st camera? I've been reading/watching reviews but I think it's better when someone actual knows this kind of stuff thanks in advance

  25. One thing to look out for with compact cameras is the poor lens protection. Compact lenses can get scratched fairly easily and causes flare in certain lighting conditions i.e. blotches on your photo. I have a Canon G12 which I am about to sell as faulty due to a scratched lens. Most compact cameras share the same iris type lens protector which opens when the camera is switched on and the lens extends. The protection iris is flimsy and can be easily opened manually (or accidentally). Before you buy check for yourself by googling <<make and model scratched lens>> to see what is returned.

  26. Excellent video, I was looking videos about cameras until I found your video know I have a clear idea about what I want to buy. Great work, thanks for sharing your knowledge.

  27. Hi, if i want to do SlowMotion videos (breaking stuffs, or something like that) , what kind of cameras you suggest?
    Thanks

  28. I have compact 60x zoom mirrorless camera and its a bridge camera in my mind. I would say there is 3 types: mirrorless, dslr and good old film-cam 😉

  29. Loved the video, its been super helpful since Ive been using a Nikon D5100 but I just haven´t been too comfortable with it. I like to take pictures of wildlife but also want to take home shots of my baby, I´m thinking of buying a DSLR but am currently on a budget, can you recommend an online budget store I can buy from?

  30. When people ask me what camera they should buy I say a hasselblad medium format for out and about/socializing/point and shoot stuff and a Polaroid for professional/artistic work.

  31. An excellent, comprehensive review of all the available camera systems!! I ended up choosing a Compact Canon SX74HS to replace my Nikon D200 after having a stroke as it became too difficult to hold the heavier D200 steady and changing the lenses!

  32. I would like to have a DSLR because the photo quality is fantastic, but I want a long zoom, at least 20x, but I don't know how to translate the millimeter focal length ranges in the DSLR "zoom" lenes (like 30-700mm) into what power zoom I would get in the resulting image. In my telescopes (with which I have 33 years experience), I know how this is calculated, but not with DSLR lenses. Is there a way to do this or would it just be better to get a bridge camera?

  33. What is the difference between a Compact Camera and Bridge Camera and Mirror-less? Aren't Compact and Bridge Cameras Mirror-less? DSLR means Digital Single Lens Reflex right? And when you take a picture the mirror moves out of the way to let the Sensor capture the image right? That is way you hear that sound on professional film cameras, you hear the sound of the mirror tilting away from the file inside so it can capture the image you are shooting and with a DSLR the mirror is tilting away from the sensor that captures whatever you are taking a picture of, correct?

  34. Can you do a video shootout on older model DSLR's that still have video that can be used to upload content used today.
    i need a very solid older model so that i can afford a nicer camera without the quirks of these newer models that don't function as well as older ones do. of course the price is the big issue cause I NEED HUGE BANG for my little budget.
    Yes, I'll be using it for : portraits of people and dogs, action = sports/martial arts, macro capability insects like jumping spiders etc. thx.

  35. 4 types?
    I'll tell you more: 35mm, 120 format, large format, dry plate, collodion/wet plate. And some mad people even still do 1840's daguerrotypes!

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